A readings

These readings are required.

  1. Mitchell, W. J. T., and Mark B. N. Hansen, eds. “Introduction.” Critical Terms for Media Studies. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 2010. Web. Link (remote) →
  2. Eisenstein, Elizabeth L. The Printing Revolution in Early Modern Europe. Cambridge, UK and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012. Print.
  3. Flusser, Vilém. Does Writing Have a Future? Trans. by Nancy Ann Roth. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2011. Print. Electronic Mediations.
  4. ---. Post-History. Trans. by Rodrigo Maltez Novaes. Minneapolis, MN: Univocal Publishing, 2013. Print.
  5. Innis, Harold Adams. The Bias of Communication. 2nd ed. Toronto and Buffalo: University of Toronto Press, 2008. Print.
  6. Kittler, Friedrich A. Gramophone, Film, Typewriter. Trans. by Geoffrey Winthrop-Young and Michael Wutz. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1999. Print. Writing Science. Link (local PDF) ↬
  7. McLuhan, Marshall. The Gutenberg Galaxy: The Making of Typographic Man. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1962. Print.
  8. Ong, Walter J. Orality And Literacy: The Technologizing of The Word. London, UK and New York: Routledge, 2002. Print. Link (local PDF) ↬